Friday, July 14, 2017

Ten minute guide to the Old Testament: Part 2

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790 years before Christ, war broke out between Judah and Israel.
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It was around this time that God called Jonah to prophesy against Nineveh, you may recall the story.
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During the period 750 to 700 B.C. Amos …

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Hosea …
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Isaiah …
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and Micah began to prophesy, against Israel’s disobedience …

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the coming destruction of Jerusalem …
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and the coming of the Messiah.
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In the year 640 BC the people made eight-year-old Josiah their king.

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Josiah got rid of all of the idols …
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refurbished Solomon’s temple …
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reintroduced the law and turned the hearts of the people back to the Lord.

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Josiah reigned until 609 BC.
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During Josiah’s reign, Zephaniah prophesied the total destruction of Jerusalem …
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and the dispersion of its inhabitants.

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Joel’s prophecy also fits into the storyline here …
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prior to the 70 year Babylonian captivity. – Slide 18
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In 628 B.C. Jeremiah began to prophesy.

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In Chapter 25 of his book he prophesied that a 70 year captivity was about to take place.
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Nahum also prophesied about the destruction of Nineveh.
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Two years after Josiah’s reign as king …

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in 607 Habakkuk began to prophesy …
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about the destruction of Jerusalem.
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Twenty three years after Josiah’s reign, Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, besieged Jerusalem.

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On August the 14,th 586 years before Christ, the total destruction of Jerusalem and the temple began, as prophesied by the prophets.
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The children of Israel either escaped, were killed, or taken to Babylon to be slaves.
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Jeremiah wrote 5 poems about Jerusalem’s destruction in a book called Lamentations.

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Ezekiel was taken to Babylon as a slave where he wrote his book.
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The main message of Ezekiel’s book was that dispersed Israel …
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Daniel was also taken as a slave and the book we know as Daniel, was actually his journal.

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Scholars also believe that Obadiah’s prophecy was written about this time.
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Eventually, Nebuchadnezzar died and his son Belshazzar was appointed king.
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You may recall the incident in Daniel, when the hand wrote on the wall …

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MENE TEKEL UPHARSIN. That was in 539 B.C.
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Belshazzar was killed that same night, when Babylon was captured by the Persians …
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and Darius was made king.

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This is when Daniel was made president.
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At the end of the 70 year captivity, God spoke to Cyrus the then king of Persia, ‘to set the children of Israel free’.
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The historical records show that a remnant of 43,360 Jews left captivity …

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plus a further 7,337 servants but many Israelites remained, unwilling to leave their property.
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Nehemiah the king’s head waiter left Babylon, and started to rebuild the walls in Jerusalem.
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520 years before Christ, at the urging of the prophets Haggai and Zechariah …

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Zerubbabel started to rebuild the temple. It was completed five years later, on March 12th 515 B.C. …
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and Ezra became the priest.
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36 years later in the year 479 B.C. the Jewess Esther, became Queen of Persia.

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It was around this time that Malachi, the last book of the Old Testament was written.
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The Temple was in a continual state of disrepair …
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and the Persian Empire was eventually conquered by the Greeks …

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Eventually the Romans conquered the Greeks and 63 years before the Messiah …
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The whole land of Israel became part of the Roman Empire, just as Daniel had prophesied.
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The next prophet of Israel was John the Baptist. His message was: “Prepare the way for the Lord.” Jesus had arrived. The Old Testament was over and the New Testament had begun.

Ten minute guide to the Old Testament: Part 2
Part 2 of an overview of the Old Testament - King Solomon to John the Baptist.
Bible overview

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